How Federal Reserve’s 75-basis point interest rate hike impacts you

How Federal Reserve’s 75-basis point interest rate hike impacts you

How Federal Reserve’s 75-basis point interest rate hike impacts you

What the federal funds rate means to you

What borrowers should know about higher rates

Annual percentage rates are currently just over 17%, on average, but could be closer to 19% by the end of the year, which would be an all-time high, according to Ted Rossman, a senior industry analyst at

That means anyone who carries a balance on their credit card will soon have to shell out even more just to cover the interest charges.

With this rate hike, consumers with credit card debt will spend an additional $4.8 billion on interest this year alone, according to an analysis by WalletHub. Factoring in the rate hikes from March, May, June and July, credit card users will wind up paying around $12.9 billion to $14.5 billion more in 2022 than they would have otherwise, WalletHub found.

As rates rise, the best thing you can do is pay down debt before larger interest payments drag you down.

If you’re carrying a balance, try calling your card issuer to ask for a lower rate, consolidate and pay off high-interest credit cards with a lower interest home equity loan or personal loan or switch to an interest-free balance transfer credit card.

“Zero-percent balance transfer offers can be a godsend for folks with credit card debt,” said Matt Schulz, chief credit analyst at LendingTree.

Adjustable-rate mortgages and home equity lines of credit are also pegged to the prime rate, but 15-year and 30-year mortgage rates are fixed and tied to Treasury yields and the economy. Still, anyone shopping for a new home has lost considerable purchasing power as rates almost doubled since the start of the year.

On a $300,000 loan, a 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage at December’s rate of 3.11% would have meant a monthly payment of about $1,283. Today’s rate of 5.54% brings the monthly payment to $1,711. That’s an extra $428 a month or $5,136 more a year and $154,080 more over the lifetime of the loan, according to Jacob Channel, the senior economist at LendingTree. 

Even though auto loans are fixed, payments are getting bigger because the price for all cars is rising along with the interest rates on new loans, so if you are planning to buy a car, you’ll shell out more in the months ahead.

Paying an APR of 5% instead of 4% would cost consumers $1,324 more in interest over the course of a $40,000, 72-month car loan, according to data from Edmunds.

Federal student loan rates are also fixed, so most borrowers won’t be impacted immediately by a rate hike. But if you are about to borrow money for college, the interest rate on federal student loans taken out for the 2022-2023 academic year already rose to 4.99%, up from 3.73% last year and 2.75% in 2020-2021.

If you have a private loan, those loans may be fixed or have a variable rate tied to the Libor, prime or T-bill rates — which means that as the Fed raises rates, borrowers will likely pay more in interest, although how much more will vary by the benchmark.

What savers should know about higher rates

The good news is that the interest rates on savings accounts are finally higher after several consecutive rate hikes.

While the Fed has no direct influence on deposit rates, they tend to be correlated to changes in the target federal funds rate and the savings account rates at some of the largest retail banks, which were near rock bottom since the start of the pandemic, are currently up to 0.10%, on average.

Thanks, in part, to lower overhead expenses, top-yielding online savings account rates are as high as 1.75% to 2%, much higher than the average rate from a traditional, brick-and-mortar bank.

Inflation must come down in a substantial way for those higher savings returns to truly shine.

Greg McBride

chief financial analyst at Bankrate

As the central bank continues its rate-hiking cycle, these yields will continue to rise, as well. Still, any money earning less than the rate of inflation loses purchasing power over time. 

“Savers are seeing better returns on savings accounts, money markets and certificates of deposit and additional rate hikes will sustain that momentum,” McBride said. “More importantly, inflation must come down in a substantial way for those higher savings returns to truly shine.”

What’s coming next for interest rates

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